Child and Adolescent Development
Children and adolescents are more likely to live in poverty than adults, with 12 year-olds today born in the Great Recession and now facing the second major economic downturn in their short lives. Financial hardship and economic downturns have both immediate and long-run impacts, and investments and innovation in research are urgently required to alter the life chances and trajectories for this generation of children and adolescents. Together, the faculty, funded projects, and data resources at CPIP are positioned to generate transformative and sustained impact on science, policy and, ultimately, the life chances of young people.
Faculty: Vellore Arthi, Tim Bruckner, Greg Duncan, Paul Hanselman, Suellen Hopfer, Jade Jenkins, Cynthia Lakon, Candice Odgers, Andrew Penner, David Schaefer
Maternal and Infant Health
Improvements in pregnancy and infant health have continually been identified as public health priorities since the Surgeon General first developed national objectives 40 years ago. Maternal and infant health outcomes are also critical to understanding health disparities. As such, CPIP research activities have a strong emphasis on health equity and reducing disparities in maternal and infant health.
Faculty: Vellore Arthi, Tim Bruckner, Rachel Goldberg, Brittany Morey, Jenna Riis, Annie Ro, Heike Theil De Bocanegra, Veronica Vieira, Jun Wu
Criminal Justice and the Life Course
The prevalence of incarceration in jails and prisons in the US is nearly five times the rate of 40 years ago and greater than any other developed country. Extensive research documents the adverse consequences of incarceration on health. Incarceration, however, represents only a small fraction of overall contacts with the criminal justice system given the high frequency of surveillance, arrests, and convictions. In addition, contacts with the criminal justice system have significant consequences for family formation, fertility, child development, child mental health, and youth educational outcomes. CPIP faculty are actively engaged in innovative projects to understand the criminal justice system’s influence on these demographic and health processes.
Faculty: Matthew Freedman, Amanda Geller, Ana Muñiz, Emily Owens, Naomi Sugie, Bryan Sykes, Kristin Turney
CPIP draws on the rich tradition of migration research at UCI to examine the demography of migration, international migration, and immigrant integration both in the US and comparatively around the world. Whereas research on U.S. immigrant integration and the economic effects of immigration generally finds favorable outcomes, there are substantial distributional consequences. UCI migration researchers have contributed significantly to the growing bodies of research on these topics.
Faculty: Vellore Arthi, Frank Bean, Susan Brown, Sara Goodman, Alana LeBron, Brittany Morey, Daniel Parker, Maria Rendon, Annie Ro, Edward Telles
Institutions and Human Capital
Educational institutions play a critical role in forming human capital in that they foster development of cognitive and socioemotional skills and adoption of healthy behaviors during critical stages of youth and young adulthood. Along with partners in educational institutions serving students in kindergarten through community college, many CPIP faculty have co-developed conceptual and intervention-based approaches and research agendas that directly inform systems-level policy. Central to this theme is engaged, reciprocal partnership work between CPIP researchers and policy makers and practitioners based within the educational systems.
Faculty: Damon Clark, Meera Mahadevan, David Neumark, Tejaswi Velayudhan, Di Xu
Population Data Science and Methodology
CPIP integrates expertise across econometrics, machine learning, social network analysis, and intensive longitudinal data analysis to generate new discoveries and train the next generation of data and population scientists. Core faculty have developed new methods for collecting and analyzing complex data across a wide range of fields. CPIP is uniquely positioned to have a transformative and sustained impact on the field by integrating three core areas of expertise that will advance science, strengthen causal inference, and create a model for training the next generation of data scientists: (1) the linkage of large-scale population data derived from education, health, school and neighborhood settings; (2) the integration of machine learning and econometrics to analyze large and information-rich data sets; and innovation with respect to the (3) the collection and analysis of intensively gathered mobile, wearable, sensor and geo-spatial data.
Faculty: Marion Aouad, Vellore Arthi, Damon Clark, Matthew Freedman, Rachel Goldberg, Matthew Harding, John Hipp, Suellen Hopfer, Jade Jenkins, Meera Mahadevan, David Neumark, Candice Odgers, Emily Owens, Andrew Penner, David Schaefer, Aryana Sepassi, Naomi Sugie